Head and Neck Tumors Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Head and neck tumors are number of tumors that may appear in the region of the throat, vocal cords, nose, sinuses, or mouth. And usually arises from the soft tissue covering these areas.

Head and Neck Tumors Symptoms:

Patients suffering from head and neck tumors deal with the following symptoms. Although some may not experience any of them, or the symptoms may arise for another reason:

  1. Swelling or sores that do not heal.
  2. White or red spot on the mouth.
  3. Sore throat that does not heal.
  4. Bad mouth odor.
  5. Changes in voice.
  6. Consistent blockage of nasal airways.
  7. Frequent nasal bleeding or irregular discharges.
  8. Difficulty breathing.
  9. Blurred vision.
  10. Numbness or weakness in a part of the head or neck.
  11. Pain in the ears or mandible.
  12. Blood tinged sputum or phlegm.
  13. Loose teeth.
  14. Unexplained weight loss.
  15. Fatigue.

Risk factors:

  1. Smoking and all tobacco products. Smoking is behind 85% of all cases.
  2. Alcohol.
  3. Prolonged sun exposure.
  4. HPV
  5. Epstein-Barr virus.
  6. Age over 40 years old.
  7. Men are more prone.
  8. Dark skinned people are more prone.
  9. Neglecting mouth hygiene.
  10. GERD.
  11. Weak immune system.

Head and Neck Tumors Diagnosis:

Doctors have many ways to diagnose the tumors, in addition to examinations to diagnose metastasis to other parts of the body through radiology, but the best way to diagnose the tumor is through a biopsy.

If the symptoms we previously mentioned were present, further diagnosis will be as follows:

  1. Examination with blood tests
  2. Blood tests for predisposing viruses.
  3. Endoscopy in case of tumors in the throat, nose, ears, or esophagus.
  4. Biopsy.
  5. Examining the biopsy.
  6. CT scan.
  7. Ultrasound or CT scan to diagnose metastasis.
  8. PET scan to diagnose spread to bones.

Head and Neck Tumors Treatment:

According to the type, and stage of the tumor, treatment will be a mixture of chemotherapy, surgical intervention to remove the tumors and avoid its spread through blood and lymphatics and in some cases the tumor may need radiotherapy.

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