What causes Multiple Sclerosis, Symptoms and Treatment

Multiple sclerosis is a long term disease which affects the brain, spinal cord, and eye nerves. And may cause problems with visions, balance in movement, control of muscles, and problems in the basic functions of the body. MS happens when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath covering the nerves, which without it, nerves are easily damaged.

MS symptoms are many, and may be subtle and don’t needs treatment, and may be very harsh and affect everyday life.

What are the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?

Disruption of the nerve sheath avoids the normal nerve conduction which leads to many symptoms such as:

  1. Difficulty walking.
  2. Fatigue.
  3. Muscle weakness and cramping.
  4. Double vision.
  5. Erectile dysfunction in men.
  6. Numbness in the limbs.
  7. Body pain.
  8. Depression.
  9. Trouble focusing and problems with memory.

Symptoms starts between the age of 20 and 40 in the form of attacks that last for a period of time and then disappear. And some people do not have a period of recession and the disease worsens with time.

What causes Multiple Sclerosis?

The exact reason is not known, but some factors may play part in causing it, such as smoking, some viral infections, plus some have genetic predisposition.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment:

MS to this day does not have a specific treatment, and dealing with the disease is primarily focused on decreasing the number of attacks and lessening the intensity of the symptoms through medications, physical therapy, and exercise. And in some cases, cortisone may be used, in addition to muscle relaxants and sedative to increase the period of recession.

However, research is ongoing to find a cure for MS and better understand the causes behind it.

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